Tag Archives: Volcanoes

03 Dec 2015 | Mount Etna Spectacular Eruption #Etna #EtnaEruption

The visual splendour of the sheer majesty of Mount Etna’s latest eruptions needs no further words…
… thank you, dearest Annette, for sharing these amazing links with us 🙂

 

Millennium Volcanoes

It’s been a while since I’ve been able to visit one of my favourite Cafes and so, armed with a mug of coffee, I have just enjoyed reading this meticulous article, written by Albert. I am aware that ice core examinations reveal vast treasure troves of information in relation to past volcanic eruptions. Recommended reading for this peaceful Wednesday morning and yes… it is likely a wise idea to keep an eye on the volcanoes listed on Albert’s spreadsheet. Thank you for sharing this information with us, Albert.

VolcanoCafé

Pompeii and Vesuvius. Engraving by Friedrich Federer, 1850. (WikiMedia Commons) Pompeii and Vesuvius. Engraving by Friedrich Federer, 1850. (WikiMedia Commons)

Volcanic eruptions have become major attractions, and even rather minor eruptions can make front page news. In modern days, any volcano deciding to erupt will find itself instantly monitored and Volcano-Cafe’d. But in the days before global coverage (and, dare I say it, Volcano blogs), many eruptions went unnoticed. Thus, in May 1831 and again in August, parts of Europe and the coast of Africa were covered in a “dry fog” similar to (but not as extensive as) the one caused by Laki in 1783. But the sulphuric haze (if that is was what it was) was not identified as volcanic and the culprit has never been discovered. For older eruptions, the existence of records depends entirely on location. We have very good dates for Vesuvius or Mount Fuji, but none whatsoever for Mount Erebus. In 1915, Shackleton described seeing…

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The Strangest Volcanoes In The World – A Non-Official List

Another absorbing read from the incredible folk at one of my favourite haunts, the Volcano Café. Yellowstone and Teide are two of the more famous volcanoes. I’m going to enjoy learning about the others on this list. Thank you once more, Volcano Café 🙂

VolcanoCafé

In light of the extremely unique and interesting events going on at Vatnajökull, it’s interesting to ponder how different they can be from one another. I had originally intended that this post would be an ordered ranking of the strangest volcanoes in the world, but you really can’t form proper comparisons between one type of weirdness and another.

The other problem I had is a lack of information. Part of the issue is that a lot of money goes into researching a limited amount of volcanoes every year. Due to requiring grants to fund research, researchers typically focus more of their attention on volcanoes that are currently erupting, close to large population centers, and in countries that can afford to subsidize such research. So while there are likely many more oddballs out there, they may not be known or studied enough to make it into this post.

In this post…

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Bardarbunga Update 20140903

The latest assessment of the Bardarbunga eruption provided by the amazing folk at the Volcano Café. Recommended reading once more. Thank you Carl and Henrik.

VolcanoCafé

Holuhraun eruption looking north from Dyngjujökull (Photograph by Einar Gudmann) Holuhraun eruption looking north from Dyngjujökull (Photograph by Einar Gudmann)

Since the appropriate Icelandic authorities have today publicly mentioned the possibility of a large, acidic and explosive eruption at Bardarbunga, we now feel free to inform you that this possibility has been discussed by the Dragons, behind closed doors, for well over a week. The key information comes from this official IMO graphic:

The first premise is that earthquakes do not occur in molten rock. Nor do they form a clearly visible ring shape such as the above except under one circumstance – they do so around a body of liquid, in this case magma. A conservative estimate places the size of this body of magma at 8 km diameter, height unknown but most likely on the order of 3 – 6 km, depth also unknown but relatively shallow. Using simple geometry, 4 x Pi x r3 / 3…

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New concerns – Iceland volcano: magma moving towards new volcanic system – could set off another volcano

Thank you Alvin for posting this update on the Bardabunga Volcano in Iceland. A huge amount of magma has moved so very, very quickly, with a number of potential scenarios being examined as a consequence.
I’m keeping an eye on the Azores Islands, by the way. ‘Why?’, I hear you asking. M3.2 and M3.6 affecting the Azores yesterday evening, Universal Time. Just keep a close eye on the Azores, that is all…

The Extinction Protocol

August 2014 ICELAND – The magma from Iceland’s Bardarbunga volcano could be moving towards another large volcanic system. Data recorded by a team from the University of Cambridge suggests that 50 million cubic meters of molten rock has moved in the last 24 hours. If it continues on a northern trajectory it could feed into the Askja volcanic system, potentially triggering a large eruption. Prof Bob White said: “It’s headed straight for it.” But he cautioned that volcanoes were hard to predict. “It’s moving at about 4km a day towards Askja, and if it keeps going it will get there in a few days,” he told BBC News. “We know there is a lot of molten rock sitting under the ground beneath Askja, which is a major volcanic system. If this molten rock hits that, we know it is likely to trigger it to erupt. “But who knows, it…

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Our Planet’s Weakening Magnetosphere

compass

Good afternoon from a very warm and muggy Surrey.

Almost a year ago, I posted a blog entitled ‘Thoughts: Interdimensional Overdrive’, predominantly covering the theme of geomagnetic reversal and its potential effects on our beautiful Planet.

Quoting from the 27 July 2013 posting: “Geomagnetic North and South Poles are wandering and will continue their meanderings until they finally decide upon a permanent move. My Sister has compared the speed of the switch as ‘comparable to the snapping of an elastic band‘. There will be no land-consuming mega-tsunami, no folding of mountains, etc. To quote my Sister, ‘there will be an abundance of auroras all over the World while the Poles are deciding where they are finally going to settle‘. That’s not to say that there won’t be effects on everyday life – there certainly would be. She has suggested a possible connection between increased volcanic/tectonic activity and magnetic instability. It stands to reason that our Planet would need to release the pressures incurred during particularly stressful transitional periods in its cycle – necessary for our Planet’s wellbeing… humans may not share that particular viewpoint.

I have been meticulously studying the notes of my many conversations with my Sister. Interestingly, I came across the notes of one of our January 2011 conversations, during which my Sister revealed:-

  1. Geomagnetic flips occur more frequently than is believed;
  2. The reason the magnetosphere is weakening (i.e. the Planet’s preparation for its geomagnetic flip);
  3. Magnetic changes being ‘behind’ the increased animal deaths, human behavioural changes, increased volcanic/tectonic action and climate extremes/changes;
  4. The suddenness of the changes and the fact that the reversal was fairly imminent in our timescale.

Magnetic Field

On July 8th 2014, The European Space Agency (*1) announced that the changes measured by the SWARM satellite indicated that our Planet’s magnetic shield is weakening at an increasingly accelerated rate. The weakest areas have emerged over the Western Hemisphere whilst there has been strengthening of the field over regions of Asia and the Southern Indian Ocean. Indeed, the SWARM Mission Team appear to have concluded that the likely reason for the acceleration is our shield is readying itself for a flip/reversal. The Team has assured that there ‘is no evidence that a weakened magnetic field would result in a doomsday for Earth’.

As mentioned above, my Sister had offered reassurance that the geomagnetic reversal cycle would not be as dramatically cataclysmic as the scenarios presented in countless disaster movies. She maintained that whilst there would be effects on our everyday lives, they would be mainly inconsequential. However, there are concerns from certain quarters of the Scientific Community that the effects could be potentially far-reaching in their consequences.

These concerns were presented in two separate videos by the incredible Ben Davidson (a.k.a., Suspicious 0bservers). The first video, ‘Super-Flood‘ was released prior to the ESA SWARM announcement and covers the possible consequences of the weakening magnetic field. There is an exploration of the possible links to the many ancient multi-cultural flood legends and the likelihood that the Sun is entering a quiet period of its cycle (the Maunder Minimum). Ben also provides links to peer-reviewed research that suggests a possible link between Mass Extinction Event hypoxia and weakened global magnetic fields:-

Ben’s second video, ‘Magnetic Field in Trouble‘ was released upon the publication of the ESA SWARM Team’s findings. Consequences are further explored in this brief video, which I also share below:-

My own conclusions and my own opinions? Mankind has almost certainly observed and experienced geomagnetic reversals during its long history of life on this amazing planet. Whilst scientists, geologists and many gifted researchers have gathered evidence aplenty of the geological effects of previous geomagnetic reversals, we have not yet experienced the actual phenomenon during the history of this particular civilisation. Every single piece of evidence uncovered goes towards slotting further pieces into the veritable jigsaw puzzle that is the true fullness of life on Earth. The old adage ‘hope for the best, prepare for the worst’ might be the approach of many.

The process of geomagnetic reversal is undoubtedly underway. Rather than fearing potential cataclysm, let’s embrace the opportunities to study the phenomenon, to detail its effects for future posterity. A great mystery to be solved, beautiful sights in the skies as colourful auroras blaze in their fullest glory. Hope for the best, prepare for the worst by all means… but never, ever fear the cycle of change.

References:
(*1): ‘Earth’s Magnetic Field is Weakening 10 Times Faster Now‘: LiveScience.com, 8 July 2014 (Kelly Dickerson).

Volcanism is culprit behind sudden appearance of island off Pakistan’s coast

The Extinction Protocol

September 25, 2013PAKISTANMud houses in the mountains crumbled as a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook western Pakistan early on Tuesday. Meanwhile, on the coast, residents of Gwadar saw a solitary island rise from the sea. Older residents of the coastal town said the land emergence was déjà vu — an earthquake in 1968 produced an island that stayed for one year and then vanished, Ali Mohammad, 60, and Azeem Baloch, 57, told NBC News. Seismologists suspect the island is a temporary formation resulting from a “mud volcano,” a jet of mud, sand and water that gushed to the surface as the temblor churned and pressurized that slurry under the ocean floor. “Sandy layers underground are shaken, and sand grains jiggle and become more compact,” John Armbruster, a seismologist at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University told NBC News. The shifting sand layers are compacted and…

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New volcanic vent discovered close to airport in Rome, Italy

This is another fascinating – and slightly perturbing – development of a volcanogenic kind. To my mind (and it is my opinion only), there is no such phenomena as extinct volcanoes. Long dormant perhaps, but never extinct. Italy is certainly undergoing considerable seismic activity at the current time so it is entirely feasible that her volcanic locations may also be awakening in tandem with the seismic movement. Another development to keep a close eye on. Thank you once more Alvin, for bringing this to our attention.

The Extinction Protocol

August 26, 2013ROME, ItalyItalian experts have been puzzled by the overnight appearance of what looks like a volcanic geyser erupting steam and gases 5 meters into the air. What appears to be a new fumarole appeared near Rome’s International Fiumicino airport Saturday morning. A vent producing small geyser-like fountains of steam, water and mud was suddenly opened in the ground near a road crossing near Fiumicino. Geologists are currently examining the phenomenon. It is still a bit unclear whether it is not a man-made accident caused by a broken pipe or similar (which might well be the case). As La Repubblica statess, first inspections however indicate that it is in fact a new natural vent. Obviously, there are also already some speculations whether it could be related to volcanic activity. The nearest possibly still active volcanic system in the area is the Monti Albani, an old…

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Atlantic Ocean floor oozing massive iron cloud plume

This is a very interesting article… I can’t help but feel that scientific eyes should really be concentrating their focus upon the faultlines and volcanoes that lie beneath the slumbering old giant that is the Atlantic Ocean. The June 24th M6.5 Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge earthquake – largely ignored by the Scientific Community yet quietly upgraded to a M6.6 shortly thereafter – and the continued Azores Islands tremors seems to suggest that the slumbering giant may be about to take a long overdue stretch…
Thank you Alvin for bringing this latest development to our attention.

The Extinction Protocol

August 20, 2013ATLANTICPreviously, oceanographers thought the Atlantic Ocean seafloor didn’t spit out as much iron as other regions. However, a recently discovered plume of iron billowing from the depth of the Atlantic Ocean suggests the seafloor may be pumping iron like a young Arnold Schwarzenegger. The oceanic iron cloud spreads for more than 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) across the Atlantic from west of Angola, Africa, to northeast of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The iron-rich waters flow 1,500 to 3,500 meters (4,921 – 11,482 feet) beneath the surface of the ocean. The complete extent and shape of the iron plume remains to be discovered. “We had never seen anything like it,” said Mak Saito, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute scientist and lead author of the study, in a press release. “We were sort of shocked—there’s this huge bull’s-eye right in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean. We…

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Thoughts on the Magnitude 6.5 – Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge Event (2013 June 24, 22:04:13 UTC)

Screenshot of Event Region

Good evening from the beautiful county of Surrey.

At 10.04pm on Monday 24 June 2013, a M6.5 earthquake occurred along the equatorial region of the Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge, located approximately 1250km north-east of Cayenne, French Guiana. The complete details can be found on the event page on the EMSC-CSEM website, noted immediately below for quick reference:-

Earthquake – Magnitude 6.5 – NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE – 2013 June 24, 22:04:13 UTC.

The event, a considerably strong one for a divergent/constructive boundary, is one that was partially expected from this particular Surrey resident… because the location and timing was already identified during a Sisterly conversation over the recent May Bank Holiday weekend.

On 25 May 2013, my Sister stated that the earthquake would be located in an equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean, would be considered innocuous – and would largely pass unnoticed by many within the immediate wider seismic community. She recommended that a cautious eye should be trained upon the post-event seismic activities of the Atlantic Ocean, expressing that the movement could cause ‘a shift’, potentially triggering another event within ‘a region between the Azores and Cape Verde‘.

I have mentioned in earlier blogs that, whilst I am certainly no great academic in many scientific matters, I had proudly obtained an Open University Stage One qualification in the subject ‘Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunami‘ a few years ago. My Sister’s mention of the beautiful Portuguese islands of The Azores in the same breath as ‘shifts‘ and ‘earthquakes‘ has certainly piqued my interest, especially given the fact that the islands are located in a region with a quite remarkable tectonic and volcanic compositional dynamic.

Azores Fracture Zones This fantastic graphic from the Volcano Café Blog illustrates the location of the Azores Microplate, with the main grouping of the islands nestling against the Eurasian and African Plate boundaries. The Western Azores islands of Flores and Corvo are the only two to lay within the North American/American Continental Plate, with both resting very close to the Mid Atlantic Ridge. I would recommend reading the article ‘Monaco Bank: An Unstudied European Volcano‘ written by Volcano Café contributors, Lucas Wilson and Geolurking for a richer, in-depth explanation of the tectonic dynamics of The Azores.

I am aware that the archipelago of Cape Verde, the equally stunning islands located 350 miles from the coast of Western Africa within the cool waters of the central Atlantic Ocean, is volcanically active. The imposing stratovolcano Pico do Fogo, located on the southern island of Fogo, last erupted on 3 April 1995. There is also, I understand, a history of earthquakes on the archipelago but I will need to undertake a little more research in order to fully comprehend the precise mechanics responsible for the generation of the ‘quakes (i.e., if the earthquakes are volcanogenic in nature).

In the meantime, as my Sister has recommended, one will keep an especially keen eye on any activity related to these regions of the Atlantic. Research should prove to be very interesting indeed…